HTML Introduction

HTML Introduction

January 23, 2022
Categories : HTML
Author :

HTML Introduction

HTML Introduction

HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages.

HTML Introduction

What is HTML?

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language

HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages

HTML describes the structure of a Web page

HTML consists of a series of elements

HTML elements tell the browser how to display the content

HTML elements label pieces of content such as “this is a heading”, “this is a paragraph”, “this is a link”, etc.

A Simple HTML Document

Example Explained

The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration defines that this document is an HTML5 document

The <html> element is the root element of an HTML page

The <head> element contains meta information about the HTML page

The <title> element specifies a title for the HTML page (which is shown in the browser’s title bar or in the page’s tab)

The <body> element defines the document’s body, and is a container for all the visible contents, such as headings, paragraphs, images, hyperlinks, tables, lists, etc.

The <h1> element defines a large heading

The <p> element defines a paragraph


What is an HTML Element?

An HTML element is defined by a start tag, some content, and an end tag:


<tagname>Content goes here…</tagname>

The HTML element is everything from the start tag to the end tag:


<h1>My First Heading</h1>

<p>My first paragraph.</p>

Start tag Element content  

End tag


<h1> My First Heading </h1>
<p> My first paragraph. </p>
<br> None none

Web Browsers

The determination of a web browser (Chrome, Edge, Firefox, Safari) is to read HTML documents and display them properly.


A browser does not display the HTML tags, but uses them to determine how to show the document:

Note: The content inside the <body> section (the white area above) will be displayed in a browser. The content inside the <title> element will be shown in the browser’s title bar or in the page’s tab.

HTML History

Year       Version

1989      Tim Berners-Lee invented www

1991      Tim Berners-Lee invented HTML

1993      Dave Raggett drafted HTML+

1995      HTML Working Group defined HTML 2.0

1997      W3C Recommendation: HTML 3.2

1999      W3C Recommendation: HTML 4.01

2000      W3C Recommendation: XHTML 1.0

2008      WHATWG HTML5 First Public Draft

2012      WHATWG HTML5 Living Standard

2014      W3C Recommendation: HTML5

2016      W3C Candidate Recommendation: HTML 5.1

2017      W3C Recommendation: HTML5.1 2nd Edition

2017      W3C Recommendation: HTML5.2

This tutorial follows the latest HTML5 standard.

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